Wood vinegar is a product of fast ablative pyrolysis of wood. Wood vinegar contains more than 200 chemicals, such as acetic acid, formaldehyde, methanol, etc. Wood vinegar improves soil quality, eliminates pests and controls plant growth. Accelerates the growth of roots, stems, tubers, leaves, flowers and fruits. Research shows that after applying wood vinegar in the garden, fruit trees increase fruit yield.
Getting Wood Vinegar
Wood vinegar is a light brownish liquid resulting from the thermal decomposition of wood. Efficient equipment for the thermal decomposition of organic raw materials are fast pyrolysis plants. The fast pyrolysis plant FPP02 is a fully automated continuous complex for the processing of organic raw materials, including wood. Fast pyrolysis is the heating of organic biomass in an environment with a low oxygen content, which leads to thermal decomposition of materials and the release of volatile elements. Volatiles condense into liquid. Then the condensate is divided into wood vinegar, biooil and tar.
Properties and application of the mixture
Natural wood vinegar can be used for agriculture. The content of natural ingredients makes it an attractive alternative to chemical pesticides and fertilizers. In addition, it is a non-toxic product and is not addictive to the crop. Wooden vinegar contains 80-90% water and 10-20% organic compounds, including more than 200 chemical components, mainly acetic acid. Wood vinegar is an excellent pesticide and fertilizer that improves soil quality, helps to destroy pests and helps control plant growth, helping to accelerate plant development. It is often used to increase the amount of fruit produced in orchards.
Wood vinegar has a long history of successful use across Asia to replace the expensive fossil chemicals derived from agriculture. There is evidence of successful use dating back thousands of years to the Amazon and even in the 1900s when large factories produced commercial wood vinegar with creosote as a source of acetic acid.
Benefits and purposes of using wood vinegar:
- Increased plant resistance to adverse conditions;
- Repel pests;
- To prevent infection of plants with fungal, bacterial and virus-like diseases;
- Improve the taste, color, durability and preservation of fruits;
- Strengthen photosynthesis;
- Increase the content of chlorophyll in plants;
- Improve absorption through the roots.
Wood vinegar has antiseptic properties, therefore its purified form is used in the form of an aqueous solution (1-5 parts to 100 parts of water) for rinsing the mouth and throat. A more concentrated solution (10-20%) is used for wound dressing. In veterinary medicine, an unrefined form is used as a drug for diseases of the hooves, scabies, foot and mouth disease.